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Pest

SPODOPTERA LITURA


Preferred Trap for this pest

Scientific Name Of The Pest : Spodoptera litura
Common Name of the Pest : Tobacco caterpillar
Host crops : Cabbage, Chilli, Maize, Corn, Cotton, Grapes, Tobbaco, Tomato, Beans, Cauliflower, Red gram, Black gram, Green gram, Pea, Groundnut, Caster, Sunflower, Onion, Sorghum, Soybean.


Pest Identification:
Adult moth is stout with wavy white markings on the brown forewings and white hind wings with a brown patch along its margin. Eggs are laid in groups usually on ventral side of the tender leaves and covered with brown hair. The egg period is 4-5 days. Larva is stout, cylindrical, pale brownish with dark markings. The body may have row of dark spots or transverse and longitudinal grey and yellow bands. When fully grown, measures about 35-40 mm in length.

Damage:
On most crops, damage arises from extensive feeding by larvae, leading to complete stripping of the plants. Freshly hatched caterpillars feed gregariously, scrapping the leaves from ventral surface . Greenish caterpillars feed on the leaves voraciously and present an appearance to the field as if grazed by cattle. Since this pest is nocturnal in habit it hides under the plants, cracks and crevices of soil and debris during the day time. Feacal pellets are seen on the leaves and on the ground which is the indicator of the pest incidence.

Control Measures:
Funnel trap with Spodo-L Lure at 15/ha for monitoring.

Spodo-L Lure Pheromone Lure Details:
Spodo-L Lure
Dispenser - Septa.
Material - Silicon Rubber
Packaging - Individually Sachet Packed
Sachet Material - Foil Lined Laminate
Field Life Of Pheromone lure - 45 days

Host Crops

Cabbage, Chilli, Maize, Corn, Cotton, Grapes, Tobbaco, Tomato, Beans, Cauliflower, Red gram, Black gram, Green gram, Pea, Groundnut, Caster, Sunflower, Onion, Sorghum, Soybean.

Host crop

sapota

Damaged fruits are unfit for human consumption. Damage symptoms do not vary on different crops.

Host crop

peach

Damaged fruits are unfit for human consumption. Damage symptoms do not vary on different crops.

Host crop

mangos

Damaged fruits are unfit for human consumption. Damage symptoms do not vary on different crops.

Host crop

Citrus

Damaged fruits are unfit for human consumption. Damage symptoms do not vary on different crops.

Host crop

Papaya

Damaged fruits are unfit for human consumption. Damage symptoms do not vary on different crops.

Host crop

Guava

Damaged fruits are unfit for human consumption. Damage symptoms do not vary on different crops.